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Nun halt nicht mehr als draufgängerischer Star, sondern als weiser, alter Mann. Einer der wenigen männlichen Bollywood-Stars also, der "in Würde" altern. guten wie in schweren Tagen“ oder „Lebe und denke nicht an morgen“ - die Streifen sind ein Erfolg. Und die heißen Bollywood-Stars werden weltweit gefeiert. Bollywood-Stars damals und heute. Wir zeigen euch wie sich die Bollywood-Lieblinge Shah Rukh Khan & Co. verändert haben. M ratings. Download. perfect couple kajol and shah rukh khan Bollywood Stars, Bollywood Couples, Bollywood Fashion,. Saved from office-comsetup.co Die Bollywood-Stars hatten ihre Blütezeit in den 90er Jahren. Einige von ihnen schafften es in dieser Zeit sogar weltweit berühmt zu werden.
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Bollywood Stars VideoBollywood Stars who are Highly Educated and Qualified
Bollywood Stars - Shah Rukh KhanMittlerweile ist Aamir längst einer der Grössten Bollywoods. Hrithik Nagrath Roshan. Fardeen Khan. Sein erster veröffentlichter Film war jedoch erst der Hit Deewana , fortan landete er bald Erfolg auf Erfolg, dazu nur wenige Rückschläge wie Asoka. Schon bald avancierte er zum Leading Man und gewann u. She made her debut in the Hindi film industry with Delhi 6 and has worked in Tamil as well as Malayalam cinema ever. Chashme Baddoor. Telugu movie "Pokiri", which was one of the link money grosser, set her in top slot actresses. The torchbearer of the Pataudi https://office-comsetup.co/filme-stream-deutsch/alice-im-wunderland-hd-stream.php, Soha Ali Khan comes from a family see more royal lineage. She earned commercial success with Namastey London.
Sridevi passed away on 24 February due to accidental drowning and left behind her husband, producer Boney Kapoor and two daughters, Janhvi and Khushi.
Regarded as one of the greatest actresses of Indian cinema, Nargis aka Fatima Rashid starred in many Indian classic films.
Her best role was in the Oscar nominated film Mother India where she played the lead protagonist, Radha. A recipient of several accolades including, Filmfare Award and National Film Award for best actress, Nargis has an award set up in her name, Nargis Dutt Award, held annually by the Directorate of Film Festivals and presented for feature films.
Nargis married actor Sunil Dutt in and the couple has three children together, including actor Sanjay Dutt. Nargis passed away in due to pancreatic cancer, leaving behind a famous legacy for generations to come.
Initially starting out with the Tamil film industry, the South India beauty, Hema Malini became one of the greatest actresses of Bollywood.
A recipient of several accolades including, Filmfare and Screen Award, Hema Malini was awarded the Padma Shri in by the Government of India and also holds an honorary doctorate.
Apart from films, the actress has been active politically and is associated with the Indian right-wing party, Bharatiya Janata Party.
She was also elected to the Rajya Sabha from and to Lok Sabha in Bhanurekha Ganesan or Rekha is one of the finest actresses in the Indian cinema.
A fervent dancer, Rekha moved the Indian audience with her impeccable dance moves and versatile roles as an actress.
Apart from conventional Indian cinema, Rekha has worked in several arthouse films and is famously recognised today for her portrayal of versatile and strong roles throughout her career.
Meena Kumari was the highest-paid actress of her generation and was also an avid Urdu poetess. Meena Kumari passed away in at 38 years of age, leaving behind a legacy of acting for generations to come.
Jacqueline Fernandez is a Sri Lankan origin actress working primarily in Hindi cinema for past few years.
After working as a television reporter in Sri Lanka and doing a few modelling projects, Jacqueline came to India to pursue a career in acting.
She endorses many national as well as international brands and has actively participated in humanitarian work. Known for her groovy dance moves and jovial on-screen characters, Jacqueline has been a recipient of several accolades including, IIFA and stardust Awards.
Famously known as a former pornstar, actress Sunny Leone turned to Bollywood back in with her debut in Jism 2 Always in news due to her past controversial career, Sunny has worked immensely hard to prove herself a successful actress over the past few years.
Apart from Hindi cinema, she has acted in various Tamil, Kannada and Telugu films and has also hosted the show Splitsvilla present. Sunny has been garnered with several awards throughout her journey as an actress and actively engages herself in humanitarian work.
She is married to former adult film star Daniel Weber and the couple has two adopted kids together. Kriti Sanon is a famous Bollywood actress who debuted with the romantic film Heropanti in and established herself as a successful actress.
She has previously acted in Telugu films and has also featured in many music videos. She is also the brand ambassador to several national and international brands and has featured in many commercials.
Her major breakthrough came with the romantic Bollywood film Barfi! Ileana isa recipient of several accolades including a Filmfare Award and several Screen Awards.
She is a brand ambassador of several international brands and has represented India internationally on several occasions.
She became an overnight star after the release of her first hit film, Rockstar in Ever since then, she has appeared in films like, Madras Cafe ,.
She has also appeared in several international music videos and is a brand ambassador of several brands.
As of , she will be seen in upcoming films like Torbaaz and Amavas. Starting her career as a television actress, Yami Gautam has come a long way.
Ravishing Kirti Kharbanda is an Indian actress and model, widely noted for her work in Kannada and Telugu films. Nookayya and Raaz: Reboot Garnered with several prestigious accolades, Kirti is one of the most famous and highest paid actresses of the South Indian film industry today.
One of the most famous actresses of Bollywood, Shilpa Shetty is more versatile than any other actress of her time. An active businesswoman, model, producer, writer and yoga instructor, Shilpa has set the standards of success to new heights.
Apart from acting, she has also appeared on several reality TV shows and has been an active humanitarian. She is married to Indian businessman Raj Kundra since and the couple has a son together.
One of the highest paid actresses in her time, Ameesha has featured on many television talk shows and fashion magazine.
She is a recipient of several accolades including, a Filmfare Award. Widely known for her debut in the romantic thriller film Hero , Athiya Shetty is an Indian actress and model.
She is the daughter of superstar Sunil Shetty and her looks and talent can pretty much be accorded to her talented father.
Other than acting, the starlet has done various modelling assignments and has walked the ramp for many designers. She has opened her own foundation called as Urvashi Rautela Foundation and has donated Rs.
The beautiful starlet in town, Shruti Haasan has managed to make her mark in Bollywood with just a handful of movies. Apart from acting, Shruti is an acclaimed singer and has her own rock band.
She is the daughter of legendary actors Kamal Haasan and Sarika. Zareen Khan is a popular Indian film actress who has worked widely in Hindi, Tamil and Punjabi films.
An aspiring doctor, Zareen turned to acting eventually and made her Bollywood debut in the Hindi film Veer in Her other notable movies are Ready , Housefull 2 , Hate Story 3 and Apart from acting, Zareen has walked the ramp for several designers and has also endorsed many brands.
The stunning Aditi Rao Hydari hails from the royal family of Hyderabad and has all the elegance one looks for in an actress.
She made her debut in the Hindi film industry with Delhi 6 and has worked in Tamil as well as Malayalam cinema ever since.
Apart from films, Aditi is a trained singer and has sung a number of songs for her films. A recipient of several accolades, she endorses many brands and engages in humanitarian work.
She became popular in Bollywood after her debut in the film Ghajini opposite superstar Amir Khan. Apart from acting, she is a trained Bharatnatyam dancer and speaks 8 languages.
She regularly engages herself in humanitarian work and endorses many national as well as international brands. Huma Saleem Qureshi is a famous Indian actress and model who works notably in Hindi film cinema.
She debuted in Bollywood with highly acclaimed film series, Gangs of Wasseypur Part 1 and 2 and has starred in many widely acclaimed films ever since.
Apart from acting, she has done several modelling acts for various brands and endorses many national and international brands.
She is also a recipient of many prestigious accolades. Throughout her career, she has endorsed many brands and has won several accolades.
Bipasha Basu is a famous Bollywood actress who has vehemently worked in the Hindi film industry. Throughout her career, she has given some memorable performances and is noted for her strong and independent roles.
Apart from acting, she engages herself in humanitarian work and is extremely vocal about feminism and animal rights.
A recipient of several prestigious accolades, Bipasha has endorsed several brands. She married her longtime lover actor Karan Singh Grover in in a lavish ceremony.
The couple resides in Mumbai and has done several films and commercials together. She became known to Bollywood after her appearance in Singham opposite Ajay Devgn.
Her famous films include Magadheera , Mr. A recipient of several accolades, Kajal has several Filmfare Awards in her name. Kajal has endorsed several brands and represents Celebrity Cricket League as a brand ambassador.
Lisa Haydon is an Australian origin actress and TV presenter who is widely known for her work in Bollywood.
She made her Bollywood debut in with the romantic comedy Aisha. Apart from acting, Lisa is an internationally acclaimed model and has done several modelling projects in India and abroad.
Malika Arora is a famous Indian actress, dancer, model, film producer and TV presenter. She has also produced films like Dabangg , Dabangg 2 and Dolly ki Doli She was married Arbaaz Khan for more than 20 years before the couple divorced in The couple has a son together and remain friends after their divorce.
Richa Chadha is a famous Bollywood actress who appears primarily in Hindi films. Her major breakthrough came with the comedy Bollywood movie Oye Lucky!
Lucky Oye! Richa is a recipient of several accolades including a Filmfare Award and several Screen and Stardust Awards. She is a brand ambassador of several brands including Minute Maid, Tata Sky, Archies and Cadbury and has represented India internationally on several occasions including Cannes Film Festival.
Apart from acting, she is a prolific social worker and is an active worker with PETA. She has joined hands with brands like Panasonic and The Body Shop to raise awareness about the environment-related issue.
She is a recipient of several accolades where most of her awards come from her work for environmental activism. Vaani Kapoor is a famous Bollywood actress who has vehemently worked in Hindi and Tamil film industries.
Apart from acting, she has walked the ramp for several designers and has even worked for hotels like Oberoi and ITC Hotels.
Even before making her Bollywood debut, Genelia worked widely in Tamil, Telugu and Malayalam film industries where she gathered a huge fan base.
She is a recipient of several accolades including many Filmfare Awards. One of the most popular and highest-earning actresses of her time, Preity Zinta has given several memorable performances throughout her career.
An actress, producer, social activist and entrepreneur, Preity has never failed to make her impression on the hearts and minds of her audience.
She has starred in several hit films including, Dil Se.. Other than acting, she is a vehement social worker and has joined hands with organisations like UNODC- to curb human trafficking in India and also is quite vocal about issues related to female infanticide and AIDS.
The beautiful tinsel town actresses, Amrita Rao has managed to make her mark in Bollywood with some memorable roles. She has endorsed various brands and has walked the ramp for various designers.
Legendary painter MF Hussain was very close to Amrita and painted several of her painting. In , she married her long-time partner, Anmol, a Radio Jockey, in Mumbai.
Coming from a family of no prior filmy background, Diana made her mark in the world of modelling before becoming an actress.
In addition to acting, she is a fashion diva and has made appearance at several fashion shows. She is a also a diligent social worker.
Apart from being an actress, Daisy is quite an accomplished dancer and choreographer, who has worked with the likes of Ganesh Acharya.
She has also choreographed several dance numbers for various Hindi films and has appeared as a co-dancer in various Bollywood dance numbers.
Lauren Gottlieb is an American actress and a dancer who has appeared in several American movies and TV shows.
Apart from acting, she has walked the ramp for several designers, featured in several TV commercials and has also acted in the web series Haq Se.
Karishma Tanna is a famous Indian actress, dancer, model and television celebrity. She is one of the most famous and highest paid television actresses in India.
Karishma has acted in several television advertisements, including for Stayfree, Lifebuoy and Nirma and has several accolades to her name for her performances in television industry.
The torchbearer of the Pataudi family, Soha Ali Khan comes from a family of royal lineage.
She appears majorly in Hindi cinema as well as Bengali and English-language films. She is married to actor Kunal Khemu since and the couple has a daughter named together.
She is one of the most famous and highest paid actresses of South Indian film industry. Swara Bhaskar is a famous Indian actress who appears primarily in Hindi films and is best known for her vocal and bold roles.
A graduate from Miranda House and Jawaharlal Nehru University, Swara comes in the category of intellectual film actors. A recipient of several accolades, Swara has been nominated for Filmfare Award thrice.
She started her career in with a short role in the Hindi film Vaah! Life Ho Toh Aisi!. Apart from mainstream films, she has acted in many Netflix movies and series like Lust Stories , Sacred Games and Ghoul.
She is an accomplished Theatre artist and is an avid social activist. Radhika is married to musician Benedict Taylor since She has given many memorable performances throughout her career and is known widely for her portrayal of versatile roles.
A recipient of many awards, Divya launched her book, Me and Ma in She is also an accomplished model and has done several TV commercials.
Apart from acting, she has walked the ramp for several designers, featured in several TV commercials and has also acted in several TV shows.
Aisha Sharma is a young, new-comer in the B-town who is best known for her performance in the film Satyameva Jayate Apart from this film, she also appeared in the song Ik Vaari by Ayushmaan Khurrana.
Apart from being an actress, Aisha is an amateur model and has also modelled for the Kingfisher calendar in She is the younger sister of famous Bollywood actress, Neha Sharma.
In , Mouni made her Bollywood debut with the blockbuster film, Gold , opposite actor Akshay Kumar.
She is soon to be seen in many big project in the coming times. Apart from acting, Mouni is an accomplished model and has also endorsed many brands.
Disha Patani is an Indian actress who appears primarily in Hindi cinema and has also done Telugu and English language films.
She first rose to success as a model after featuring in Femina Miss India Indore. Disha has done several commercials for various brands including, Cadbury and Garnier.
She is a vehement model and has also featured on the covers of several fashion magazines. Janhvi Kapoor is the new starlet in town who has managed to turn heads with her beauty and talent.
She is the daughter of late legendary actress Sridevi and film producer, Boney Kapoor. Coming from a family of actors, Janhvi left an impression on the hearts of her audience with her performance in the romantic film, Dhadak Her upcoming film is Takht in Apart from acting, Janhvi is passionate about modelling and has walked the ramp for designers like Manish Malhotra and Sabyasachi.
She has also featured on the covers of several magazines including, Cosmopolitan, Vogue and Femina. She has worked in two famous Bollywood films so far, namely, Simmba and Kedarnath Apart from acting, she is an aspiring model and has also featured on the covers of various magazine.
Ankita Lokhande is a famous Indian television and film actress who has risen to fame after dedication and hard work.
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With a simple role, she managed to steal millions of hearts. Proving her worth in the Bollywood as well as Tollywood, she is truly worth to be called as most beautiful Bollywood actress.
Hence allegedly Priyanka Chopra did help of cosmetic surgery for her lips. A newcomer in Bollywood, still this Indian actress is certainly made a place in Bollywood with her hot looks.
Alia Bhatt is another example of cuteness overloaded. After the movie Student of the year, she managed to become one of the highest-paid actresses in Bollywood,.
There is no doubt about the fact that Shruti Hasan is considered to be a beauty at its best. She is gone through some surgery which sure enhances her face beauty.
Katrina is the most desirable girl in India in She is famous not only in India but in some foreign country as well.
Known for her notable performance in M. And now after Kabir Singh, she considers as one of the most innocent actresses of Bollywood. Deepika Padukone can be considered as the most desirable girl in India in She is among the talented actress of Bollywood, her acting skilled is critics acclaimed.
She has done remarkable performance in this movie who is set to release on digital platforms like Amazon, Netflix. A picture perfects a beautiful place.
Zarine Khan surely is beauty along with hotness overloaded. With innocent looks and a beautiful face presenting Shraddha Kapoor.
Most Beautiful Actress in Bollywood top 10 bollywood actress top 10 bollywood actress The list is based on popularity and social presence.
There are many aspects to choose who should be on the list. This is the biggest joke of my life. I mean Kangana ranaut is preettier then deepika padukone.
What a joke!!! The whole world considers her among top 10 most beautiful women in world and You Indians yourself are trying ti degrade her Standerd,Beauty,Grace!!!
How Shameful!!! Kareena kapoor is in 17th number….. KKK is now also the best actress? Bhatavdekar showed a wrestling match at the Hanging Gardens in Bombay.
Dadasaheb Phalke 's silent Raja Harishchandra is the first feature film made in India. By the s, the industry was producing over films per year.
The s and s were tumultuous times; India was buffeted by the Great Depression , World War II , the Indian independence movement , and the violence of the Partition.
Although most Bollywood films were unabashedly escapist , a number of filmmakers tackled tough social issues or used the struggle for Indian independence as a backdrop for their films.
The following year, he made a colour version of Mother India. However, colour did not become a popular feature until the late s.
At this time, lavish romantic musicals and melodramas were cinematic staples. Before the partition of India, which divided the country into the Republic of India and Pakistan , the Bombay film industry now called Bollywood was closely linked to the Lahore film industry now the Lollywood industry of Pakistani cinema ; both produced films in Hindustani , the lingua franca of northern and central India.
Many actors, filmmakers and musicians from the Lahore industry migrated to the Bombay industry during the s, including actors K.
Around the same time, filmmakers and actors from the Calcutta film industry began migrating to Bombay; as a result, Bombay became the center of Hindustani film production in the Republic of India after partition.
During this time period, actors such as Shantaram , Paidi Jairaj , and Motilal have made their mark.
The period from the late s to the early s, after India's independence , is regarded by film historians as the Golden Age of Hindi cinema.
The films explored social themes, primarily dealing with working-class life in India particularly urban life in the first two examples.
Awaara presented the city as both nightmare and dream, and Pyaasa critiqued the unreality of urban life. Asif 's Mughal-e-Azam The three most popular male Indian actors of the s and s were Dilip Kumar , Raj Kapoor , and Dev Anand , each with a unique acting style.
Kapoor adopted Charlie Chaplin 's tramp ; Anand modeled himself on suave Hollywood stars like Gregory Peck and Cary Grant , and Kumar pioneered a form of method acting which predated Hollywood method actors such as Marlon Brando.
Kumar, who was described as "the ultimate method actor" by Satyajit Ray , inspired future generations of Indian actors.
While commercial Hindi cinema was thriving, the s also saw the emergence of a parallel cinema movement. Their critical acclaim and the latter's commercial success paved the way for Indian neorealism  and the Indian New Wave synonymous with parallel cinema.
After the social-realist film Neecha Nagar received the Palme d'Or at the inaugural Cannes Film Festival ,  Hindi films were frequently in competition for Cannes' top prize during the s and early s and some won major prizes at the festival.
During the late s and early s, the industry was dominated by musical romance films with romantic-hero leads. By , Hindi cinema was thematically stagnant  and dominated by musical romance films.
By the mids, romantic confections had given way to gritty, violent crime films and action films about gangsters the Bombay underworld and bandits dacoits.
Salim-Javed's writing and Amitabh Bachchan's acting popularised the trend with films such as Zanjeer and particularly Deewaar , a crime film inspired by Gunga Jumna  which pitted "a policeman against his brother, a gang leader based on real-life smuggler Haji Mastan " Bachchan ; according to Danny Boyle , Deewaar was "absolutely key to Indian cinema".
The name "Bollywood" was coined during the s,   when the conventions of commercial Bollywood films were defined.
The masala film was pioneered early in the decade by filmmaker Nasir Hussain ,  and the Salim-Javed screenwriting duo,  pioneering the Bollywood- blockbuster format.
A landmark of the genre was Amar Akbar Anthony ,   directed by Manmohan Desai and written by Kader Khan , and Desai continued successfully exploiting the genre.
Both genres masala and violent-crime films are represented by the blockbuster Sholay , written by Salim-Javed and starring Amitabh Bachchan.
It combined the dacoit film conventions of Mother India and Gunga Jumna with spaghetti Westerns , spawning the Dacoit Western also known as the curry Western which was popular during the s.
The devotional classic Jai Santoshi Ma was also released that year. By , India's annual film output had increased from films produced annually to films annually, making India the world's largest film producer.
Hindi cinema experienced another period of stagnation during the late s with a box-office decline due to increasing violence, a decline in musical quality, and a rise in video piracy.
One of the turning points came with such films as Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak , presenting a blend of youthfulness, family entertainment, emotional intelligence and strong melodies, all of which lured audiences back to the big screen.
Known since the s as "New Bollywood",  contemporary Bollywood is linked to economic liberalization in India during the early s. The Khans and have had successful careers since the late s and early s,  and have dominated the Indian box office for three decades.
The decade marked the entrance of new performers in art and independent films, some of which were commercially successful. Its critical and commercial success led to the emergence of a genre known as Mumbai noir:  urban films reflecting the city's social problems.
The s saw increased Bollywood recognition worldwide due to growing and prospering NRI and Desi communities overseas.
The growth of the Indian economy and a demand for quality entertainment in this era led the country's film industry to new heights in production values, cinematography and screenwriting as well as technical advances in areas such as special effects and animation.
During the s, the industry saw established stars such as making big-budget masala films like Dabangg , Singham , Ek Tha Tiger , Son of Sardaar , Rowdy Rathore , Chennai Express , Kick and Happy New Year with much-younger actresses.
Although the films were often not praised by critics, they were commercially successful. Some of the films starring Aamir Khan have been credited with redefining and modernising the masala film with a distinct brand of socially conscious cinema.
Most stars from the s continued successful careers into the next decade, and the s saw a new generation of popular actors in different films.
Among new conventions, female-centred films such as The Dirty Picture , Kahaani , and Queen , Parched , Pink started gaining wide financial success.
Moti Gokulsing and Wimal Dissanayake identify six major influences which have shaped Indian popular cinema: .
Sharmistha Gooptu identifies Indo-Persian - Islamic culture as a major influence. During the early 20th century, Urdu was the lingua franca of popular cultural performance across northern India and established in popular performance art traditions such as nautch dancing, Urdu poetry , and Parsi theater.
Urdu and related Hindi dialects were the most widely understood across northern India, and Hindustani became the standard language of early Indian talkies.
Films based on " Persianate adventure-romances" led to a popular genre of " Arabian Nights cinema". India Todd Stadtman identifies several foreign influences on s commercial Bollywood masala films , including New Hollywood , Italian exploitation films , and Hong Kong martial arts cinema.
Perhaps Bollywood's greatest influence has been on India's national identity, where with the rest of Indian cinema it has become part of the "Indian story".
According to economist and Bollywood biographer Meghnad Desai , "Cinema actually has been the most vibrant medium for telling India its own story, the story of its struggle for independence, its constant struggle to achieve national integration and to emerge as a global presence".
Scholar Brigitte Schulze has written that Indian films, most notably Mehboob Khan 's Mother India , played a key role in shaping the Republic of India 's national identity in the early years after independence from the British Raj ; the film conveyed a sense of Indian nationalism to urban and rural citizens alike.
Bollywood has also had a socio-political impact on Indian society, reflecting Indian politics. They channeled growing popular discontent and disillusionment and state failure to ensure welfare and well-being at a time of inflation, shortages, loss of confidence in public institutions, increasing crime  and the unprecedented growth of slums.
Bollywood has been a significant form of soft power for India, increasing its influence and changing overseas perceptions of India.
During the s, Bollywood began influencing musical films in the Western world and was instrumental role in reviving the American musical film.
Baz Luhrmann said that his musical film, Moulin Rouge! The critical and financial success of Moulin Rouge!
Indian film composer A. Danny Boyle 's Slumdog Millionaire , which won four Golden Globes and eight Academy Awards , was inspired by Bollywood films   and is considered an "homage to Hindi commercial cinema".
The influence of filmi may be seen in popular music worldwide. Technopop pioneers Haruomi Hosono and Ryuichi Sakamoto of the Yellow Magic Orchestra produced a electronic album, Cochin Moon , based on an experimental fusion of electronic music and Bollywood-inspired Indian music.
The Kronos Quartet re-recorded several R. Filmi music composed by A. Rahman who received two Academy Awards for the Slumdog Millionaire soundtrack has frequently been sampled by other musicians, including the Singaporean artist Kelly Poon , the French rap group La Caution and the American artist Ciara.
Many Asian Underground artists, particularly those among the overseas Indian diaspora , have also been inspired by Bollywood music.
Bollywood films are primarily musicals, and are expected to have catchy song-and-dance numbers woven into the script.
A film's success often depends on the quality of such musical numbers. Indian audiences expect value for money, and a good film is generally referred to as paisa vasool , literally "money's worth".
These are called masala films , after the Hindi word for a spice mixture. Like masalas , they are a mixture of action, comedy and romance; most have heroes who can fight off villains single-handedly.
Bollywood plots have tended to be melodramatic , frequently using formulaic ingredients such as star-crossed lovers, angry parents, love triangles, family ties, sacrifice, political corruption, kidnapping, villains, kind-hearted courtesans , long-lost relatives and siblings, reversals of fortune and serendipity.
Parallel cinema films, in and outside Bollywood, tended to be less popular at the box office. A large Indian diaspora in English-speaking countries and increased Western influence in India have nudged Bollywood films closer to Hollywood.
According to film critic Lata Khubchandani, "Our earliest films Strangely, it was after Independence the censor board came into being and so did all the strictures.
Bollywood employs people from throughout India. It attracts thousands of aspiring actors and actresses hoping for a break in the industry.
Models and beauty contestants, television actors, stage actors and ordinary people come to Mumbai with the hope of becoming a star.
As in Hollywood, very few succeed. Since many Bollywood films are shot abroad, many foreign extras are employed. Very few non-Indian actors are able to make a mark in Bollywood, although many have tried.
However, industry connections are no guarantee of a long career: competition is fierce, and film-industry scions will falter if they do not succeed at the box office.
Film scripts known as dialogues in Indian English and their song lyrics are often written by different people. Scripts are usually written in an unadorned Hindustani, which would be understood by the largest possible audience.
Salim-Javed wrote in Urdu script , which was then transcribed by an assistant into Devanagari script so Hindi readers could read the Urdu dialogues.
Some films have used regional dialects to evoke a village setting, or archaic Urdu in medieval historical films.
In her book, The Cinematic ImagiNation , Jyotika Virdi wrote about the presence of Urdu in Hindi films: "Urdu is often used in film titles, screenplay, lyrics, the language of love, war, and martyrdom.
It is true that many Urdu words have survived and have become part of Hindi cinema's popular vocabulary. But that is as far as it goes For the most part, popular Hindi cinema has forsaken the florid Urdu that was part of its extravagance and retained a 'residual' Urdu".
Contemporary mainstream films also use English; according to the article "Bollywood Audiences Editorial", "English has begun to challenge the ideological work done by Urdu.
The blend of Hindi, Urdu and English sometimes heard in modern Bollywood films, known as Hinglish , has become increasingly common.
Cinematic language in dialogues or lyrics is often melodramatic, invoking God, family, mother, duty, and self-sacrifice. Song lyrics are often about love.
Bollywood song lyrics especially in older films frequently use the poetic vocabulary of court Urdu, with a number of Persian loanwords.
Music directors often prefer working with certain lyricists, and the lyricist and composer may be seen as a team.
This phenomenon has been compared to the pairs of American composers and songwriters who created classic Broadway musicals.
Sound in early Bollywood films was usually not recorded on location sync sound. It was usually created or re-created in the studio,  with the actors speaking their lines in the studio and sound effects added later; this created synchronisation problems.
Lagaan was filmed with sync sound,  and several Bollywood films have recorded on-location sound since then. Bollywood film music is called filmi from the Hindi "of films".
Although most actors are good dancers, few are also singers; a notable exception was Kishore Kumar , who starred in several major films during the s while having a rewarding career as a playback singer.
Saigal , Suraiyya, and Noor Jehan were known as singers and actors, and some actors in the last thirty years have sung one or more songs themselves.
Songs can make and break a film, determining whether it will be a flop or a hit: "Few films without successful musical tracks, and even fewer without any songs and dances, succeed".
Global trends such as salsa, pop and hip hop have influenced the music heard in Bollywood films. Playback singers are featured in the opening credits, and have fans who will see an otherwise-lackluster film to hear their favourites.
Kishore Kumar and Mohammed Rafi have been considered the finest singers of Bollywood songs, followed by Lata Mangeshkar who has recorded thousands of songs for Indian films in her six-decade career.
Composers of film music, known as music directors, are also well-known. Remixing of film songs with modern rhythms is common, and producers may release remixed versions of some of their films' songs with the films' soundtrack albums.
Dancing in Bollywood films, especially older films, is modeled on Indian dance: classical dance, dances of north-Indian courtesans tawaif or folk dances.
In modern films, Indian dance blends with Western dance styles as seen on MTV or in Broadway musicals; Western pop and classical-dance numbers are commonly seen side-by-side in the same film.
The hero or heroine often performs with a troupe of supporting dancers. Many song-and-dance routines in Indian films contain unrealistically-quick shifts of location or changes of costume between verses of a song.
If the hero and heroine dance and sing a duet, it is often staged in natural surroundings or architecturally-grand settings.
Songs typically comment on the action taking place in the film. A song may be worked into the plot, so a character has a reason to sing. It may externalise a character's thoughts, or presage an event in the film such as two characters falling in love.
The songs are often referred to as a "dream sequence", with things happening which would not normally happen in the real world.
Song and dance scenes were often filmed in Kashmir but, due to political unrest in Kashmir since the end of the s,  they have been shot in western Europe particularly Switzerland and Austria.
Bollywood producers have been releasing a film's soundtrack as tapes or CDs before the film's release, hoping that the music will attract audiences; a soundtrack is often more popular than its film.
Some producers also release music videos, usually but not always with a song from the film. The science-fiction film Ra.
As Western films and television are more widely distributed in India, there is increased pressure for Bollywood films to reach the same production levels particularly in action and special effects.
Recent Bollywood films, like Krrish , have employed international technicians such as Hong Kong-based action choreographer Tony Ching.
The increasing accessibility of professional action and special effects, coupled with rising film budgets, have seen an increase in action and science-fiction films.
Indian producers have also obtained funding for big-budget films shot in India, such as Lagaan and Devdas.
Funding for Bollywood films often comes from private distributors and a few large studios. Although Indian banks and financial institutions had been forbidden from lending to film studios, the ban has been lifted.
Mumbai organised-crime hitmen shot Rakesh Roshan , a film director and father of star Hrithik Roshan , in January In , the Central Bureau of Investigation seized all prints of Chori Chori Chupke Chupke after the film was found to be funded by members of the Mumbai underworld.
Another problem facing Bollywood is widespread copyright infringement of its films. Often, bootleg DVD copies of movies are available before they are released in cinemas.
In addition to the homegrown market, demand for these copies is large amongst portions of the Indian diaspora. Bootleg copies are the only way people in Pakistan can watch Bollywood movies, since the Pakistani government has banned their sale, distribution and telecast.
Films are frequently broadcast without compensation by small cable-TV companies in India and other parts of South Asia. Small convenience stores, run by members of the Indian diaspora in the US and the UK, regularly stock tapes and DVDs of dubious provenance; consumer copying adds to the problem.
The availability of illegal copies of movies on the Internet also contributes to industry losses. Satellite TV, television and imported foreign films are making inroads into the domestic Indian entertainment market.
In the past, most Bollywood films could make money; now, fewer do. Most Bollywood producers make money, however, recouping their investments from many sources of revenue including the sale of ancillary rights.
There are increasing returns from theatres in Western countries like the United Kingdom, Canada, and the United States, where Bollywood is slowly being noticed.
As more Indians migrate to these countries, they form a growing market for upscale Indian films. In , Bollywood sold 3. A number of Indian artists hand-painted movie billboards and posters.
Husain painted film posters early in his career; human labour was found to be cheaper than printing and distributing publicity material.
Old hand-painted posters, once considered ephemera , are collectible folk art. Releasing film music, or music videos, before a film's release may be considered a form of advertising.
A popular tune is believed to help attract audiences. Most bigger-budget films have a websites on which audiences can view trailers, stills and information on the story, cast, and crew.
Product placement , used in Hollywood, is also common in Bollywood. Bollywood's increasing use of international settings such as Switzerland, London, Paris, New York, Mexico, Brazil and Singapore does not necessarily represent the people and cultures of those locales.
Contrary to these spaces and geographies being filmed as they are, they are actually Indianised by adding Bollywood actors and Hindi speaking extras to them.
While immersing in Bollywood films, viewers get to see their local experiences duplicated in different locations around the world. According to Shakuntala Rao, "Media representation can depict India's shifting relation with the world economy, but must retain its 'Indianness' in moments of dynamic hybridity";  "Indianness" cultural identity poses a problem with Bollywood's popularity among varied diaspora audiences, but gives its domestic audience a sense of uniqueness from other immigrant groups.
The Filmfare Awards are some of the most prominent awards given to Hindi films in India. Modeled on the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences ' poll-based merit format, individuals may vote in separate categories.
A dual voting system was developed in The National Film Awards were also introduced in The awards are made at an annual ceremony presided over by the president of India.
Unlike the Filmfare Awards, which are chosen by the public and a committee of experts, the National Film Awards are decided by a government panel.
Other awards ceremonies for Hindi films in India are the Screen Awards begun in and the Stardust Awards , which began in In addition to their popularity among the Indian diaspora from Nigeria and Senegal to Egypt and Russia , generations of non-Indians have grown up with Bollywood.
Bollywood films are also popular in Pakistan , Bangladesh , and Nepal , where Hindustani is widely understood.
Many Pakistanis understand Hindi, due to its linguistic similarity to Urdu. Exceptions to the ban were made for a few films, such as the colorized re-release of Mughal-e-Azam and Taj Mahal in Early in , the Pakistani government permitted the import of 16 films.
Although it is opposed by nationalists and representatives of Pakistan's small film industry, it is embraced by cinema owners who are making a profit after years of low receipts.
The most popular actress is Madhuri Dixit ;  at India-Pakistan cricket matches during the s, Pakistani fans chanted " Madhuri dedo, Kashmir lelo!
The films are also popular in Afghanistan due to its proximity to the Indian subcontinent and their cultural similarities, particularly in music.
Bollywood films are popular in Southeast Asia , particularly in maritime Southeast Asia. The three Khans are very popular in the Malay world , including Indonesia , Malaysia , and Singapore.
The films are also fairly popular in Thailand. India has cultural ties with Indonesia, and Bollywood films were introduced to the country at the end of World War II in The "angry young man" films of Amitabh Bachchan and Salim-Javed were popular during the s and s before Bollywood's popularity began gradually declining in the s and s.
It experienced an Indonesian revival with the release of Shah Rukh Khan's Kuch Kuch Hota Hai in , which was a bigger box-office success in the country than Titanic Mil Gaya all , and Veer-Zaara The latter sparked a two-year boom in Indian films after its release,  with Dil Se..
Kotnis Ki Amar Kahani , Awaara , and Do Bigha Zamin were successful in China during the s and s, and remain popular with their original audience.
Few Indian films were commercially successful in the country during the s and s, among them Tahir Hussain 's Caravan , Noorie and Disco Dancer.
Rahman to score his Warriors of Heaven and Earth When 3 Idiots was released in China, China was the world's 15th-largest film market partly due to its widespread pirate DVD distribution at the time.
The pirate market introduced the film to Chinese audiences, however, and it became a cult hit. According to the Douban film-review site, 3 Idiots is China's 12th-most-popular film of all time; only one domestic Chinese film Farewell My Concubine ranks higher, and Aamir Khan acquired a large Chinese fan base as a result.
Yash Raj Films ' Salaam Namaste , the first Indian film shot entirely in Australia, was the most successful Bollywood film of in that country.
India , and Singh Is Kinng Indian films were more popular in the Soviet Union than Hollywood films   and, sometimes, domestic Soviet films.
As there was no means of other cheap entertainment, the films from Bollywood provided the Soviets a cheap source of entertainment as they were supposed to be non-controversial and non-political.
The films from India, which were also recovering from the disaster of partition and the struggle for freedom from colonial rule, were found to be a good source of providing hope with entertainment to the struggling masses.
The aspirations and needs of the people of both countries matched to a great extent. These films were dubbed in Russian and shown in theatres throughout the Soviet Union.
The films from Bollywood also strengthened family values, which was a big factor for their popularity with the government authorities in the Soviet Union.
After the collapse of the Soviet film-distribution system, Hollywood filled the void in the Russian film market and Bollywood's market share shrank.
In Poland , Shah Rukh Khan has a large following. Bollywood films are often covered in Gazeta Wyborcza , formerly Poland's largest newspaper.
The upcoming movie Squad , is the first Indian film to be shot in Belarus. A majority of the film was shot at Belarusfilm studios, in Minsk.
Hindi films have become popular in Arab countries ,  and imported Indian films are usually subtitled in Arabic when they are released. Bollywood has progressed in Israel since the early s, with channels dedicated to Indian films on cable television;  MBC Bollywood and Zee Aflam show Hindi movies and serials.
In Egypt, Bollywood films were popular during the s and s. In , however, they were restricted to a handful of films by the Egyptian government.
Bollywood movies are regularly screened in Dubai cinemas, and Bollywood is becoming popular in Turkey; Barfi! Bollywood films are not influential in most of South America, although its culture and dance is recognised.
Due to significant South Asian diaspora communities in Suriname  and Guyana , however, Hindi-language movies are popular.
Hindi films were originally distributed to some parts of Africa by Lebanese businessmen, and Mother India continued to be screened in Nigeria decades after its release.
Indian movies have influenced Hausa clothing, songs have been covered by Hausa singers, and stories have influenced Nigerian novelists.
Stickers of Indian films and stars decorate taxis and buses in Nigeria's Northern Region , and posters of Indian films hang on the walls of tailoring shops and mechanics' garages.
Unlike Europe and North America, where Indian films cater to the expatriate marke, Bollywood films became popular in West Africa despite the lack of a significant Indian audience.
One possible explanation is cultural similarity: the wearing of turbans, animals in markets; porters carrying large bundles, and traditional wedding celebrations.
Within Muslim culture, Indian movies were said to show "respect" toward women; Hollywood movies were seen as having "no shame".
In Indian movies, women are modestly dressed; men and women rarely kiss and there is no nudity , so the films are said to "have culture" which Hollywood lacks.
The latter "don't base themselves on the problems of the people"; Indian films are based on socialist values and the reality of developing countries emerging from years of colonialism.
Indian movies permitted a new youth culture without "becoming Western. In South Africa , film imports from India were watched by black and Indian audiences.
Bollywood, however, seems to be diminishing in popularity in Africa. New Bollywood films are more sexually explicit and violent. Nigerian viewers observed that older films from the s and s had more culture and were less Westernised.
The first Indian film to be released in the Western world and receive mainstream attention was Aan , directed by Mehboob Khan and starring Dilip Kumar and Nimmi.
It was subtitled in 17 languages and released in 28 countries,  including the United Kingdom ,  the United States , and France.
Many Bollywood films have been commercially successful in the United Kingdom. Bollywood is also appreciated in France, Germany , the Netherlands ,  and Scandinavia.
Pressured by rushed production schedules and small budgets, some Bollywood writers and musicians have been known to plagiarise.
Before the s, plagiarism occurred with impunity. Copyright enforcement was lax in India, and few actors or directors saw an official contract.
Audiences may not have been aware of plagiarism, since many in India were unfamiliar with foreign films and music. A commonly-reported justification for plagiarism in Bollywood is that cautious producers want to remake popular Hollywood films in an Indian context.
Although screenwriters generally produce original scripts, many are rejected due to uncertainty about whether a film will be successful.
Copying is endemic everywhere in India. Our TV shows are adaptations of American programmes. We want their films, their cars, their planes, their Diet Cokes and also their attitude.
The American way of life is creeping into our culture. There's no such thing as originality in the creative sphere".
Although very few cases of film-copyright violations have been taken to court because of a slow legal process,  the makers of Partner and Zinda were targeted by the owners and distributors of the original films: Hitch and Oldboy.
The Pakistani Qawwali musician Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan had a big impact on Bollywood music, inspiring numerous Indian musicians working in Bollywood, especially during the s.
However, there were many instances of Indian music directors plagiarising Khan's music to produce hit filmi songs. He should at least respect my religious songs.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the Hindi film industry. For the entire film culture of India, see Cinema of India.
For the tree species, see Bollywood tree. Not to be confused with Hollywood. Hindi language film industry. Mythology and folklore. Mythology folklore Indian epic poetry Vedic mythology Buddhist mythology.
Architecture Sculpture Painting. Indian poetry. Music and performing arts. Radio Television Cinema.
World Heritage Sites. Flag Coat of arms List. It has been suggested that this section be split out into another article titled History of Indian cinema.
Discuss April The Salim-Javed screenwriting duo, consisting of Salim Khan left and Javed Akhtar , revolutionized Indian cinema in the s  and are considered Bollywood's greatest screenwriters.
Shah Rukh Khan , one of the " Three Khans ", in He was the most successful Indian actor for most of the s and s .
Aamir Khan , one of the "Three Khans", in He has been the most successful Indian actor since the late s. See also: Muslim social. See also: Bombay Hindi and Tapori word.
This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. See also: Music of Bollywood , Filmi-ghazal , Filmi qawwali , Hindi dance music , and List of singing actors and actresses in Indian cinema.
See also: List of highest-grossing Indian films in overseas markets and List of highest-grossing Indian films. Bollywood portal India portal Film portal.
Retrieved 13 August The Numbers. Film Federation of India. Archived from the original on 24 November Retrieved 25 November Retrieved 21 April The Hindu.
Retrieved 8 April Bombay Cinema: An Archive of the City. University of Minnesota Press. The Indian Express. Retrieved 11 November Frommer's India.
How Hollywood works. Jha; Subhash The Essential Guide to Bollywood. Roli Books. Business Week. Creativity at Work. Copenhagen Business School.
National Science and Media Museum. Oxford University Press. JA: I write dialogue in Urdu, but the action and descriptions are in English.
Then an assistant transcribes the Urdu dialogue into Devnagari because most people read Hindi. But I write in Urdu.
So most dialogue-writers and most song-writers are from the Urdu discipline, even today. Film World. I feel that the Government should eradicate the age-old evil of certifying Urdu films as Hindi ones.
It is a known fact that Urdu has been willingly accepted and used by the film industry. Two eminent Urdu writers Krishan Chander and Ismat Chughtai have said that "more than seventy-five per cent of films are made in Urdu.
It is a gross misrepresentation and unjust to the people who love Urdu. Bollywood: a guidebook to popular Hindi cinema. Psychology Press.
Retrieved 25 April An introduction to film studies. Hindustan Times. Penguin UK.In Indian liess er sich article source, in Chachi wurde er zum "Mrs. Kino Bergedorf Singh Rajput ist tot. Doch als click to see more Flops seine Karriere drosselten und das Drama in Nepal Fakten hier ihn wochenlang in den Negativschlagzeilen hielt, wurde der verhätschelte Medienstar zum Buh-Mann. Aishwarya Rai startete ihre Visit web page in "Liebe lieber indisch" und entwickelte sich schnell zu einem internationalen Star. Sunil Shetty. Die Beziehung wurde beendet. A loner, without many friends, he studied in the nearby Actor Taqdeerwala. Actor Masaan. But we cannot deny the fact that even without makeup most of the Bollywood stars look gorgeous. Shocking to see Link and Sonam in the list and not Kareena and Vidya…?? Click the following article dad's name was Kunjilal, a lawyer by profession, and his mom's name was Gouri Devi, who came from a wealthy family. Actress 1 - Nenokkadine. Der indische Schauspieler wurde leblos in seiner Wohnung in Mumbai aufgefunden. Er spielte in mehreren Bollywood-Filmen mit. Bitte schalten.